Abortion in Latin America and also the Caribbean

Incidence and styles

  • During 2010–2014, a believed 6.5 million induced abortions happened each in Latin America and the Caribbean—up from 4.4 million during 1990–1994 year.
  • The yearly price of abortion is believed at 44 per 1,000 ladies of reproductive age (15–44), a small enhance from 40 per 1,000 in 1990–1994.
  • The local abortion rate is approximately 48 per 1,000 for hitched ladies and 29 per 1,000 for unmarried females. 1
  • As of 2010–2014, abortion prices vary across subregions, from 33 per 1,000 feamales in Central America to 48 per 1,000 in south usa to 59 per 1,000 into the Caribbean.
  • The percentage of all of the pregnancies in Latin America plus the Caribbean closing in abortion increased between 1990–1994 and 2010–2014, from 23% to 32per cent. 1

Appropriate status of abortion

  • Significantly more than 97percent of women of reproductive age in Latin America therefore the Caribbean are now living in nations with restrictive abortion laws and regulations (in other words., countries in the 1st four groups in dining Table 2). 2
  • Abortion just isn’t allowed for almost any good reason in six nations. Nine other people enable it nearly solely to save lots of the woman’s life, with just some providing restricted exceptions for rape (Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Panama) and fetal that is grave (Chile, Panama and very nearly 1 / 2 of the states of Mexico).
  • Less than 3% for the women that are region’s in nations where abortion is broadly legal—that is, allowed either without limitation as to explanation or on socioeconomic grounds. 2

Unsafe abortion and its particular effects

  • Induced abortion is clinically safe whenever WHO-recommended practices are utilized by trained people, less safe when only 1 of these two requirements is met, and least safe whenever neither is met. Lots of women undergo unsafe (i.e., less safe or least safe) procedures that put their wellbeing at an increased risk.
  • During 2010–2014, about one out of four abortions in Latin America while the Caribbean had been safe. The majority (60per cent) of procedures dropped in to the less-safe category.
  • About 760,000 ladies in the spot are treated annually for problems from unsafe abortion. 3
  • In 2014, at the least 10% of all of the deaths that are maternalor 900 fatalities) in Latin America plus the Caribbean had been from unsafe abortion. 4
  • The most typical problems from unsafe abortion are incomplete abortion, exorbitant loss of blood and illness.
  • Bad and rural ladies are the absolute most more likely to experience an unsafe abortion and serious problems thereof.
  • Postabortion services in your community tend to be of low quality. Typical shortcomings consist of delays in therapy, usage of improper interventions, inadequate access, and judgmental attitudes among hospital and medical center staff. These factors deter that is likely females from getting needed therapy.
  • The application of misoprostol to cause abortions keeps growing more prevalent through the area and appears to have increased the safety of clandestine procedures.
  • From 2005 to 2012, the procedure price of problems from unsafe abortion dropped by one-third, from 7.7 to 5.3 cases per 1,000 ladies of reproductive age. This most most likely represents a real decrease in problems care that is requiring.

Unintended maternity and unmet need

  • At the time of 2017, a lot more than 24 million females of reproductive age in Latin America as well as the Caribbean have actually a need that is unmet contemporary contraception—that is, they would like to avoid a maternity but they are either perhaps perhaps not practicing contraception or are employing conventional techniques, that are less effective than contemporary practices. 5
  • The majority of women that have an abortion achieve this they do not intend to because they become pregnant when. At the time of 2010–2014, Latin America while the Caribbean gets the rate that is highest of unintended maternity of any globe region—96 per 1,000 females aged 15–44. When you look at the subregion regarding the Caribbean, the price ended up being 116 unintended pregnancies per 1,000 women.
  • An calculated 14 million unintended pregnancies occur every year in Latin America as well as the Caribbean; of the, almost half (46%) result in abortion.


  • Programs and policies that improve women’s and men’s understanding of, use of and make use of of contraceptive methods must certanly be implemented to cut back pregnancies—and that is unintended abortions or unplanned births that frequently follow.
  • The quality and provision of postabortion care ought to be enhanced and expanded to lessen infection and death from unsafe abortion.
  • The causes for appropriate abortion should really be broadened and usage of abortion that is safe enhanced to cut back how many clandestine procedures and also the negative effects that often happen.
  • Usage of family members preparation and postabortion care must certanly be prioritized for bad and rural females, who encounter disproportionately high prices of infection and death from unsafe abortion.


1. Unique tabulations of updated data from Sedgh G et al., Abortion incidence between 1990 and 2014: global, local, and subregional levels and styles, Lancet, 2016, 388(10041):258–267.

2. Unique calculations of information from un, Department of Economic and personal Affairs, Population Division, World populace leads: the 2015 modification, 2015; and Center for Reproductive Rights, The world’s abortion laws 2017, no date, http://www.worldabortionlaws.com/.

3. Singh S and Maddow-Zimet we, Facility-based treatment plan for medical problems caused by unsafe maternity termination into the developing globe, 2012: overview of proof from 26 nations, BJOG, 2015, doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13552.

4. Unpublished information from Singh S, Darroch JE and Ashford LS, Incorporating it: the expense and great things about buying Sexual and Reproductive wellness 2014, ny: Guttmacher Institute, 2014.

5. Guttmacher Institute, Including it: buying contraception and maternal and health that is newborn Latin America as well as the Caribbean, Fact Sheet, ny: Guttmacher Institute, https://brightbrides.net/irish-brides 2017.

Dining dining Table 1 Source: Unique tabulations of updated data from Sedgh G et al., Abortion incidence between 1990 and 2014: international, local, and levels that are subregional styles, Lancet, 2016, 388(10041):258–267.

dining Table 2 supply: Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR), The global World’s Abortion Laws 2017, nyc: CRR, 2017; and Singh S et al., Abortion global 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access, nyc: Guttmacher Institute, 2018.

Unless otherwise suggested, data in this particular fact sheet are located in: Singh S et al., Abortion global 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access, nyc: Guttmacher Institute, 2018; unique tabulations of updated data from Sedgh G et al., Abortion incidence between 1990 and 2014: worldwide, local, and subregional amounts and trends, Lancet, 2016, 388(10041):258–267; Ganatra B et al., Global, local, and subregional category of abortions by security, 2010–14: quotes from a Bayesian model that is hierarchical Lancet, 2017, 390(10110):2372–2381; and Bearak J et al., Global, local, and subregional styles in unintended maternity as well as its results from 1990 to 2014: quotes from a Bayesian hierarchical model, Lancet worldwide wellness, 2018, 6(4):e380–e389.

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